At about the 7th century to the 11th, there was a series of wars involving Muslim Arab with the Eastern Roman Empire or also called Byzantine empire. This happens when the big battle Muslim expedition under the leadership of the Umayyad Caliphate Rashidun and has just started at the beginning of the 7th century, and continued by his successors until the middle of the 11th century. One of these wars is a big war known as the War Mu’tah. Mu’tah war history – 200,000 3,000 Muslim forces against the Roman army itself began in the year 8 AH (circa 629 AD) in a village in Mutah, east of the river Jordan and Karak.
Mu’tah War History – 200,000 3,000 Muslim forces against the Roman army
War Timeline Mu’tah
Mu’tah war history – 200,000 3,000 Muslim forces against the Roman army will not be initiated without prior something greater, namely a dispute between the Byzantines and Muslims. This is caused by the explosion of the Arab population of the Arabian Peninsula in the 630’s which led to the loss of large areas of the Byzantine empire in the south, namely Syria and Egypt were successfully captured Muslims. In the span of 50 years, the Muslim forces that exist under the Umayyad aggressive kekhalifan endlessly launched repeated attacks to an area of Asia Minor who was a Byzantine empire’s territory. In addition to the attacks, twice a threat to the subordination of Constantinople also filed.
Background Mu’tah war itself occurs when Hudaybiyyah arrange a ceasefire agreement between the Quraysh and the soldiers who set the power in Mecca. Badhan, Sassani government of Yemen has started to convert to Islam, as well as clans in South Arabia, increasing military power in Medina. Because of this, Muhammad became a bit more free and able to focus on the Arab tribes in the north, the Bilad al-Sham. One historian of Islam is that the military movements to the north is due to poor treatment the north to the messenger sent Muhammad, where the messenger was killed. Which led to the Byzantine empire to intervene is because the Bani Sulaym and Dhat al Taih is contained in the protection of the Byzantine.
Mu’tah war history – 200,000 3,000 Muslim forces against the Roman army started when at the beginning of the year 8 AH (circa 629 AD), Muhammad moving troops to the area Jumada al-Awwal for a short expedition with the aim of attacking and punishing people who kill the messenger. The squad leader was Zayd ibn Haritha, with Jafar ibn Abi Talib and Abdullah ibn Rawahah directly below. Ghassanid leader is believed to have known about the planned attack by Muhammad, so he began to prepare his troops and asked for help from the Byzantine. There are two versions of who was in charge of the Roman army, where one version says that its leader is a direct Heraclius, and the other version is the younger brother of Heraclius, namely Theodorus.
When the Muslim army arrived in the area east of Jordan and knowing the size of the army carried by Byzantine forces, they become afraid. The majority of them want to wait for a while and wait for help from Medina to come, but then Abdullah Ibn Rawahah remind them of the desire jihad, and questioned whether better if they waited while what they want in front of them. Abdullah heard a statement from the hearts of the troops moved, and doubts that haunt them for a while and then suddenly disappeared so that they dare to go forward into battle against troops are nearly 67 times the amount of their own.
The first showdown between the Muslim and Byzantine history of the war that opened the Mu’tah – 200,000 3,000 Muslim forces against the Roman army – occurred in their own camp, in the village Musharif where they later retreated to Mu’tah. New in Mutah was a big war going on. Some Muslim sources say that the battle is taking place between the two valleys of different heights, where it neutralizes the superiority of the amount owned Byzantine army. In this war, the third leader of the Muslim forces toppled one by one starting from Zayd ibn Haritha followed by Jafar ibn Abi Talib and Abdullah ibn Rawahah thereafter. Al-Bukhari reported on the front of the body Jafar there were 50 stab wounds. See the spirit of the Muslim army began to shrink, Thabit ibn Al-Arqam took command and save the army from total destruction. After the war, the troops requested Thabit became the leader of those she rejected, which he then asked Khalid ibn al-Walid to lead.
When the war, Khalid reported using 9 sword completely corrupt because of continued warfare that occurs very intense. In the end, Khalid viewed